Parallel structure is a stylistic device, and a grammatical construction having two or more clauses, phrases or words, with similar grammatical form and length. Correct: My parents said get a good education and do not settle for less. "(Samuel Johnson, quoted by James Boswell in The Life of Samuel Johnson, 1791), "Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider. Parallel Structure in Sentences. Parallel structure allows us to understand when things are taking place, what is taking place, who or what the subjects and objects of a sentence or clause are, and so on. Correct: The following activities can be done at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch, and paying bills. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In grammar, parallelism, also known as parallel structure or parallel construction, is a balance within one or more sentences of similar phrases or clauses that have the same grammatical structure. Parallel Structure Parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form for similar elements of meaning within a sentence or among sentences. Finally, parallel structure can be used with comparisons. Correct: She likes to dance and to sing songs. Parallel structure, also called parallelism, means using the same grammatical structure for ideas that are similar or of equal importance. The fox runs across the wood, jumps over the rock and moves down the hill. Rewrite the information in complete sentences using correct parallel structure. Parallel structure can be observed in many forms of writing. White, "Goodbye to Forty-Eighth Street." Essays of E.B. This grammatical form can be used with a variety of structures including infinitives, words, clauses and lists. Here’s an example: I love swimming, but I don’t like snorkeling. If one track bends along the line, a train goes off the rails. Kevin raced toward the sideline, down the field, and ended up in the end zone. McGraw-Hill, 2005), "When you write a sentence with a series of clauses, make sure that they start and end the same way. Parallel structure refers to same word pattern within a sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical form. (Adjective and noun, stimulating and challenge)CORRECT: Your new training program was stimulating and challenging. Correct: This paper will address No Child Left Behind benchmarks, effective teaching strategies, and multimedia instructional aids. • Be concise. 1. Eating the right foods will help you feel healthier, more attractive, and strongly. Correct: Mary wanted to make sure that she made her presentation creatively, effectively and persuasively. The following examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: 1. Words and phrases should not only match in structure, but also in tense. The Moronic Inferno. answer. It keeps your writing balanced and makes it easier to read. "​(Bernice Fitz-Gibbon, Macy's, Gimbels, and Me: How to Earn $90,000 a Year in Retail Advertising. As you do so, remember the following: • Retain the sentence's original meaning. Guidelines for Creating Parallel Structure, Definition and Examples of Postmodifiers in English Grammar, Examples of Faulty Parallelism in English Grammar, Definition and Examples of Correlative Conjunctions. She was never wrong; she never lost her patience. b. The parallel structure will always be applied to the verbs that are used in a group of nouns that are used together. Your verb tenses should always match. 1. This grammatical form can be used with a variety of structures including infinitives, words, clauses and lists. 2) Decide whether they are parallel, i.e. This means that each of the items on the list is equal in the grammar tenses that you use. Correct: Tim was considered to be a good employee because he was always on time, he was very motivated and he was a good leader. Example 1: Incorrect: This paper will address No Child Left Behind, how to teach effectively, and instructing with multimedia aids. You may remember, hearing parallel structure in your math class when you talked about shapes and lines, but, that's not what we're talking about here. The famous quote of Julius Caesar is good example of why parallelism is so powerful. 5. By Another word for parallel structure is parallelism. Writers use parallel structure in the words and phrases in their sentences. Correct: They argued not only about the article, but also about the review. These lists can be made up of words, phrases, or even clauses. Basically, similar ideas should be in similar form. 1. Parallel structure should be used when you connect clauses with a coordinating conjunction such as: for, and, nor, or, but, so, or yet. Understanding Parallel Structure. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Parallel structure places words, phrases, clauses, and sentences in a series of the same grammatical elements. In the first example, a series of nouns are presented in parallel structure: 2. 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Definition and Examples of Agreement in English Grammar, Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar, Constructing Parallel Sentences and Phrases, What Is a Phrase? "(Tom Robbins, Still Life with Woodpecker, 1980), "When success happens to an English writer, he acquires a new typewriter. The manager told the employees that they need to come to work on time, that they need to manage their workload, and that they need to attend important meetings. Any time you are creating a list in writing, you will want to use a parallel sentence structure. Correct: Every morning, we make our bed, eat breakfast and feed the dog. Revised on January 16, 2020. People often don’t have this energy left over at the end of the writing process, or … Parallel words and phrases: 1. "Never hurry and never worry! Sentence elements that are alike in function should also be alike in construction. Some examples of this include: In addition to coordinating conjunctions, parallel structure is also used with correlative conjunctions such as: either...or, neither...nor, not only...but also. Excessive subordination: This is not an effective or good substitute for choppy sentences. "(Martin Amis, "Kurt Vonnegut: After the Slaughterhouse." Correct: She wrote a letter and mailed it to the school. In traditional grammar, the failure to express such items in similar grammatical form is called faulty parallelism. Wiley, 2003). A sentence with parallel construction makes your writing effective, classy, and certain to impress anyone who reads your stuff. Write NP is the sentence does not have parallel structure. Correct: In your bedroom, you will find the following: a bed, a closet, and a desk. Next morning, in the Lafayette Hotel in Portland, I went down to breakfast and found May Craig looking solemn at one of the tables and Mr. Murray, the auctioneer, looking cheerful at another."(E.B. Some examples of this include: 1. Jonathan Cape, 1986), "A good ad should be like a good sermon; it must not only comfort the afflicted—it also must afflict the comfortable. Parallel structure: Parts of sentences in that sequence should follow same structural or grammatical principle. Parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form for similar elements of meaning within a sentence or among sentences. Quotes by authors and famous historical figures also illustrate the use of parallel structure. It also shows that ideas are of equal importance. Parallel Structure. Parallel structure, or parallelism, means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more words or ideas are of equal importance. Some examples of parallel structure with infinitives: Be consistent and use parallel structure with words that end in -ing. When you use parallel structure, you increase the readability of your writing by creating word patterns readers can follow easily. The scale is balanced. And when writers follow a parallel structure, they are less prone to making common grammatical errors. Proverbs, for example, provide a simple way to grasp the concept of parallel structure. Correct: Yesterday we watched a movie, played video games and made pizza.Incorrect: Yesterday we watched a movie, play video games and made pizza.The Importance of Parallel Structure. Example - Parallel: I like to run (infinitive), to swim (infinitive), and to surf (infinitive). Correct: Either she likes to see him or she doesn't like to see him. "(Attributed to Albert Camus), "I had been short, and now I was tall. Bantam, 2005), "Humanity has advanced, when it has advanced, not because it has been sober, responsible, and cautious, but because it has been playful, rebellious, and immature. It is similar to parallelism . Simon and Schuster, 1967), "If you are idle, be not solitary; if you are solitary, be not idle. "(Robert M. Knight, A Journalistic Approach to Good Writing. something having the property of being analogous to something else 2. an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator. Parallel Structure in Sentences Creating parallel structure in a sentence is achieved when the writer balances similar grammatical elements such as words, phrases, and clauses to demonstrate they are of equal importance. Correct: We enjoy relaxing and sitting out in the sun. If two or more ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. With the -ing form (gerund) of words:With infinitive phrases:(Note: You can use \"to\" before all the verbs in a sentence or only before the first one.) You try it: Write P if the sentence has parallel structure. Creating parallel constructions shows the reader that two or more things relate to each other with equal importance. Parallel Structure & Comparisons. If two or more ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form. Errors in parallel structure errors can make your writing sound strange to listeners. It’s simply the practice of using the same structures or forms multiple times: making sure the parts are parallel to each other. When success happens to an American writer, he acquires a new life. arranged or constructed in the same way. Writing: Parallel structure — Harder example Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Writers use parallel structure in the words and phrases in their sentences. Keep in mind that parallel structure should be used when it comes to verb tense. What Is a Noun Clause (or Nominal Clause) in English Grammar? Creating parallel constructions shows the reader that two or more things relate to each other with equal importance. Parallel Elements could be independent clauses Parallel Structure in a Sentence or Phrase Parallel structure involves using the same pattern of words or the same voice in a list of items or ideas. English Sentence Structure Checker. In English we make parallel structure in our sentences. "(Leonardo da Vinci), "We spend our youth attempting to change the future, and the rest of our lives trying to preserve the past. In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. The paragraph below contains many instances of grammatical and logical parallel structure. 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